What was good for 19th century America is good for 21st century America? Maybe so! Just don't ask our backs, joints, or the various parts of our musculature, which, after a long winter laying dormant , were not quite ready for the season (we're good now). Above, Shayna works a wheel hoe over our land. It was pretty tough.
Fortunately we got some friends to help.
For those curious, the pile of cabbage and onion in the background is leftover from the farmer who worked the field last year. We've since moved them into our compost heap (one day we hope to use compost heat, getting to about 160 degrees Fahrenheit in the dead of winter at the pile's center, to help heat our greenhouse.).
So, it's not all by hand. Our neighboring farmer, Guy from Blooming Hill, did us a solid by running his tractor over the land, significantly loosening most of the soil. It still took us a full day of raking to get the soil into raised beds.